U.S. registered airplanes with 20 or more passenger seats or a 6,000 pound or more payload capacity operated for non-common carriage purposes such as delivering an aircraft (ferry flight) must be operated on a certificate (Part 121, 125, or 135), a Special Flight Permit (SFP), a Special Flight Authorization (SFA), or a Letter of Deviation Authority (LODA) from Part 125.
When operating under an Elan Express LODA from the requirements of part 125, the aircraft will be operated under 14 CFR part 91 and requires an FAA approved inspection program.
Elan provides an approved inspection program for all of its aircraft type LODAs as required under 14 CFR part 91.409(f).
The Elan Express A510 OpSpec SFA authorization is temporary and time-limited. The 500-series authorization grants temporary authority to a certificate holder, air operator, or program manager based on a particular situation or event.
Flight Standards policy allows the FSDO to issue an SFA to Elan Express on a case-by-case basis for specific flights. The FSDO issues the SFA under FAR Part 91 where a particular operation is infrequent or involves short periods of time--usually two weeks or less. FSDO's issue SFA's when an operation can be conducted safely, and the circumstances do not warrant the issuance of a letter of deviation authority.
Special Flight Permits (SFP) can be issued by, an FAA Flight Standards District Office (FSDO), an International Flight Standards Office (IFO), Manufacturing Inspection District Office (MIDO) or by Designated Airworthiness Representatives (DARs).
A special flight permit may be issued for an aircraft that may not currently meet applicable airworthiness requirements, but is capable of safe flight, for the following purposes: Flying aircraft to a point for repairs, alterations, maintenance, or storage (for example, ferrying an aircraft from point A to point B).
Under an SFP all applicable inspections will be conducted to ensure the airplane is in a safe condition for the intended flight. Inspections deemed necessary for safe flight will satisfy the requirement of 14 CFR § 91.409(f) for the purpose of the SFP only. Elan Express can provide an approved inspection program for SFP applicants as required under 14 CFR part 91.409(f).